查看完整版本 : ratio decidendi

浪裏白條 2018-10-21 07:48 PM

ratio decidendi

剛剛看到有位網友在我另一個帖子這樣說:(其實法律版裏說「潛意識地」isn't this somewhat awkard?)
他這句話是關於某位法官判案的。
在法律界的術語,法官判案的理據叫ratio decidendi:
【轉載: 】
a [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Latin_phrases]Latin phrase[/url] meaning "the reason" or "the rationale for the decision". The [i]ratio decidendi[/i] is "the point in a case that determines the judgement"[url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratio_decidendi#cite_note-1][1][/url] or "the principle that the case establishes".[url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratio_decidendi#cite_note-2][2][/url]In other words, [i]ratio decidendi[/i] is a legal rule derived from, and consistent with, those parts of legal reasoning within a judgment on which the outcome of the case depends.
It is a legal phrase which refers to the legal, moral, political and social principles used by a [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Court]court[/url] to compose the rationale of a particular [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judgment_(law)]judgment[/url]. Unlike [i][url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obiter_dictum]obiter dicta[/url][/i], the [i]ratio decidendi[/i] is, as a general rule, [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binding_precedent]binding[/url] on courts of lower and later jurisdiction—through the doctrine of [i][url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stare_decisis]stare decisis[/url][/i]. Certain courts are able to overrule decisions of a court of coordinate jurisdiction—however, out of interests of [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comity]judicial comity[/url], they generally try to follow coordinate rationes.
The process of determining the [i]ratio decidendi[/i] is a correctly thought analysis of what the court actually decided—essentially, based on the legal points about which the parties in the case actually fought. All other statements about the law in the text of a court opinion—all pronouncements that do not form a part of the court's rulings on the issues actually decided in that particular case (whether they are correct statements of law or not)—are [i]obiter dicta[/i], and are not rules for which that particular case stands.
[b]。。。。。。。。。。[/b]
[b]我的評論:[/b]
[b]這位網友很有建設性。這個[/b]
[b] a [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Latin_phrases]Latin phrase[/url] meaning "the reason" or "the rationale for the decision". The [i]ratio decidendi[/i] is "the point in a case that determines the judgement"[url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratio_decidendi#cite_note-1][1][/url] or "the principle that the case establishes".[url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratio_decidendi#cite_note-2][2][/url][/b]In other words, [i]ratio decidendi[/i] is a legal rule derived from, and consistent with, those parts of legal reasoning within a judgment on which the outcome of the case depends.
It is a legal phrase which refers to the legal, moral, political and social principles used by a [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Court]court[/url] to compose the rationale of a particular [url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judgment_(law)]judgment[/url].
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我的評論:
謝謝這位網友。
如果某些政客還不明白最近一件熱議的案子 判詞的話,希望本帖子幫到他們。
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查看完整版本: ratio decidendi